The Dutch government offers many different types of allowances, but the ones that are most relevant for students are the zorgtoeslag (health care allowance) and huurtoeslag (rent allowance). To be eligible for these allowances you have to meet certain conditions. The allowance amounts that you are eligible for is determined by your financial situation, which will be calculated by the Dutch tax office (belastingdienst).
At the end of every year, the tax office will calculate the amounts you received, and if you received too much or too little, they will settle the difference with you. If you want to check whether you are eligible for one of these allowances, please read our zorgtoeslag and huurtoeslag pages.